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How To Install A Brick Patio

Advantages Of Brick Pavers

How To Design and Install A Paver Patio
  • Color While there might not be as many color choices for clay brick pavers, the color is natural and can be altered by mixing in different colors of clay. Since the color is natural, it will last longer than concrete.
  • Quality Yes, it is true that brick pavers can chip as time goes on, but this material will hold up more so than concrete. Concrete will erode over time, while brick will only become damaged by stress .
  • Life Span Brick pavers will stand the test of time. Compared to concrete, clay brick can last decades on end as long as they are properly taken care of.

Building A Brick Paver Patio Without Cuts

  • Pin
  • Yield: 10 x 10-foot patio
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Estimated Cost: $600 – $800

Patio bricks can be laid in a variety of different patterns. The pattern is strictly for looks, and the brick surface will perform the same regardless of the pattern. For beginners, it makes sense to use a simple pattern that requires little or no cutting of bricks. Perhaps the best option is the basket weave, which is decorative and eye-catching but also very easy to install. And if you choose to build a square or rectangular patio and size it to fit the bricks, you shouldn’t have to cut any bricks at all.

The best bricks to use for this project are paving bricks or brick pavers. These are about 2 inches thick and have smooth, solid faces to create a nice walking surface. For a basket weave design, which has a checkerboard pattern, you want the widths of two bricks to equal the length of one. Therefore, an ideal size of paver is 4 inches wide by 8 inches long.

The easiest way to install a brick paver patio is the sandset method. The bricks are laid on the ground, over a layer of compacted gravel topped by landscape fabric and a smooth layer of sand. After the bricks are laid, you sweep sand into the cracks between the pavers to lock them in place.

S For Building A Brick Patio

  • Take up all old bricks and paving stones from the patio, then use a shovel to remove 7 inches of soil from the area.
  • Run a gas-powered plate compactor over the area to tamp down the ground.
  • Spread out 2 inches of graded base, then compact the area.
  • Stretch nylon lines across the patio 3 inches above graded base.
  • Lay steel pipes, known as screed rails, in place 2 inches below nylon line.
  • Spread sand over the entire area.
  • Pull a screed along the rails to remove excess sand.
  • Fill in low spots with more sand and screed the area again.
  • Start setting pavers in one corner of the patio. Drop pavers into place, don’t slide them.
  • Continue installing pavers, making sure to stagger the joints between courses.
  • Install plastic edging around the perimeter of the patio.
  • Spread ½ inch of sand over the bricks.
  • Run the plate compactor over the patio to vibrate the sand deep into the joints between the pavers.
  • Use a push broom to sweep excess sand from the patio.
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    Pavers Offer Versatile Options When It Comes To Shapes Sizes And Patterns

    Concrete pavers are also a great choice for patios and walkways. These come in many different colors, sizes, shapes, and patterns. Pavers are designed to be interlocking so they are relatively easy to install after the proper prep work of leveling and grading is done. If a paver breaks or cracks, our hardscape contractors can easily replace that paver to keep your patio or walkway looking pristine.

    As far as maintenance goes, pavers should be routinely cleaned and resealed every 3-5 years to keep them protected from the elements so they can last. With the right maintenance schedule, these can last for at least 50 years.

    If price is a concern for you, then concrete pavers are the most economical choice of material for a patio and walkway.

    How To Install A Brick Patio Yourself

    How to Install A Custom Paver Patio

    by admin | Mar 30, 2014 | DIY, Uncategorized

    The final step is sweeping sand across the surface so it falls between the pavers, giving the patio strength and stability for years of use. All photos provided by Evan Hopkins.

    There are clay brick patios installed by professional installers and there are patios installed by do-it-yourselfers.

    Many of the latter have been inspired by the annual Pine Hall Brick Company Paver Days, which are held every spring in North Carolina.

    Paver Days offer free DIY paving demonstrations and questions and answers. Pine Hall Brick experts show would-be do-it-yourselfers how to put in their own patio or walkway.

    Super market manager Evan Hopkins of Charlotte came away inspired by a demonstration at the Charlotte showroom. Twelve pallets of brick and a 25-by-36 foot patio and a 30-foot long walkway later, Hopkins himself can now teach a thing or two about putting in a patio.

    To learn how Hopkins dug into how-to books and watched demonstrations on YouTube.

    Really, the best thing you can do is to plan it, said Hopkins. I did my research, I planned it out and it worked.

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    Step 3 Lay A Gravel Base

    Spread a layer of gravel over the area as a base. Add gravel one or two inches at a time, and make sure it is compact before adding more. Use a rake to even out the gravel as much as possible, and use either a hand tamper or a power tamper to smooth down the gravel and make it level. You could also rent a plate compactor to make this step quicker. When youre finished, the base should be about four inches deep.

    Ready To Order Supplies

    7. Setting the Pavers:

    After all the prep work is done start placing your pavers in the sand, using your straight edge as a guide. Butt the pavers close together. There should still be a thin joint line between the pavers that will be filled with sand later. Use a straight edge to ensure Paver are level. Use a rubber mallet to knock down any high pavers. Add more Diamond Sand and reset any low pavers. If you were diligent leveling the sand, you should only have a minimal amount of leveling at this stage.

    8. Laying pavers over an existing slab:

    First mortar your soldier pavers around the edge, keeping a consistent ½ joint. Then, lay a ½ of Diamond Sand in the field. It is imperative to lay a sand bed down to create a buffer between the pavers and the concrete slab. Pavers rubbing against concrete will eventually wear down and/or crack. This will also smooth out any imperfections the slab may have had. Laying pavers over an existing driveway is not recommended, no matter the size.

    9. Brick Distribution:

    If you are installing more than 1 pallet it is a good practice to pull Brick from several different pallets as you work through your project. If there are slight color variations, this practice will help to minimize any noticeable difference.

    10. Cutting pavers:

    11. Concrete Restraining Edge:

    12. Laying pavers over an existing slab:


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    Maintaining Your Paver Patio Sealer

    Okay, great job. Now theres just one more thing paver sealer maintenance. Blow the leaves off when they fall to keep them from staining, rinse the dirt and debris that seems to just show up over time, and, as the weather begins to dull down the finish and the patio loses its luster, simply rinse it off with a garden hose and apply a light maintenance coat of paver sealer. Seal the paver stones before the patio gets too weathered. Its really that simple.

    So thats it How to seal pavers on your brick patio. Go ahead and try sealing pavers yourself and see what the results are when you follow these tips. You might just surprise yourself!

    Clean Clean And Clean Some More

    How to Build a Brick Patio | This Old House

    In regards to the prep work, sealing pavers isnt much different than staining your deck or painting your house. Much of the quality of the job comes down to how well you prepare the surface.

    Patios that have weathered will often have mildew, moss, and algae growing on the stones and in the sand between the joints. Weeds and any other foreign debris need to be removed and for a patio, that means a good cleaning. The easiest way to clean your brick patio is with a power washer.

    Make certain that you select a washer with enough power to do the job. I try to never use anything rated less than 2400 p.s.i. Select a tip that will fan the water out slightly, 15°- 25° or so, and always work in sections.

    Patios should be constructed so that water runs away from the home. So begin working near the house or the high side of the slope of the patio, rinsing debris down the patios natural flow, away from the house. Youll loose some of the sand between the joints during the cleaning process and thats okay. Well replace the sand once the patio is cleaned up. Just be careful not to blow out more sand than is necessary while youre doing your cleaning.

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    How To Lay Pavers Brick Patio Stone And Stone Pavers

    How To Lay Pavers, Brick, Patio Stone and Stone PaversBegin by assessing what is currently in the project area where you intend to lay your new pavers. If you have a lot of sugar sand, you are going to want to remove as much as possible. If the water table is high in your area, or you have water and/or flooding issues, the base material depth will have to change. In Florida, we live in dirt, sand, and if you are lucky you may have a lime rock bed under the area . Therefore, you must take precautionary measures to ensure your pavers will not fail over time. Follow the simple steps below to make sure your hard-scape lasts in our tropical climate.

    1. Choosing your Pavers/Patio Stones:

    Pavers, Patio Stones, Clay Brick, Turf Block, travertine, Natural Flagstone, Natural Keystone, Dense Oolite etc are available in a wide variety of colors, shapes, sizes, strengths, etc There are different products to match different applications. Here are a few rules to follow when choosing a hardscape for your project:

    Thin pavers/brick are NEVER to be used for a driving surface. I dont care what you have heard, unless you have a specially engineered, high-strength, polymer product specifically designed to be driven on, you will ruin thin pavers/brick if you drive on them. No matter if they are all mortared to a concrete slab or have 12 of base under them, they will fail.

    2. Mark the Project Area Dimensions:

    3. Grade Stakes:

    4. The Dig Out:

    5. Base Materials:

    6. Sand:

    Lock The Bricks With Sand

    Spread sand over the bricks, then sweep across the patio surface with a push broom to work the sand into the cracks. Sweep in multiple directions to reach all cracks, adding sand as you go until the cracks are filled. Gently spray the patio with a garden hose to settle the sand in the cracks. Spread and sweep more sand into the cracks, and spray again, until the cracks are completely filled and the sand is settled.

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    Step 1 Choose The Size

    The first step to building your brick patio is to decide on the size. You may have an old patio that youre replacing, or you may be starting from scratch in a dirt or grassy area. Decide what furniture you want for the patio and find the furnitures measurements. Once youve chosen a size and location, mark the outline of the patio and set a stake at each of the four corners.

    Brick Paver Patio Basics

    Easier Paver Patio Base That Will Save Your Back

    As a staple in building materials for walls, roads, pathways, and courtyards for many years, clay brick is a standard and elegant choice.

    Brick paver patio installation uses clay that is cast in forms and heat-cured to create the pavers. These are different from concrete pavers that are made of cement.

    Brick pavers have quite a few benefits.

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    How To Install Interlocking Bricks For A Patio

    By using interlocking bricks for a patio, you can not only enhance the beauty of the place but also they are more durable. Interlocking bricks are a better option than the conventional concrete used for the patios. Installing the interlocking brick requires a bit of time and labor but surely the result pays off. You also have the option of creating various designs using bricks of various color and shape.

    Step 1: Setup

    If you are installing the interlocking bricks on an already concreted patio, you are one step ahead. If not, first you have to manage and set-up the area for installing the bricks. Outline the area you are willing to cover with the interlocking bricks and to save labor you can outline the boundary with a line of brick. When you are lining up the bricks, leave a small gap between two bricks. While you are placing the bricks try to change your design and put in whole bricks in the edge. By doing so you can save labor as otherwise later you have to cut lot of bricks for making the edge of the patio. Once the area is marked out properly, dig out the area making a depth of about 5 to 6 inches.

    Step 2: Plastic Edging

    Next, after digging out the area, the plastic edger is to be put on the boundary. This plastic edging forms the perimeter of the patio. The top of the edging must be made in line with the ground. The plastic edging can be nailed to the ground using tent nails.

    Step 3: Bottom Layer

    Step 4: Laying the Bricks

    Step 5: Final Touch Up

    Tips For Building A Brick Patio

    If you need to cut some bricks to fit your layout, you can use a hammer and masonry chisel or a circular saw with a masonry blade. But if you have a lot of cuts to make, it’s worth it to rent a brick splitter or a masonry wet saw for half a day. These tools make much faster, cleaner cuts than a hammer or handheld saw. The best blade to use for saw cuts is a diamond blade. Alternatively, you can use an abrasive blade, but it may wear down quickly and won’t cut as cleanly.

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    Durable & Long Lasting

    Brick pavers are one of the more long-lasting pavers, meaning the cost to build a brick patio will be an investment that will stand the test of time.

    Even as brick weathers, incurring slight chips, its overall beauty remains. Made from renewable, natural resources, they are strong — even often salvaged and reused. So you can be proud youre choosing a sustainable material.

    How The Layers Go Together

    Install your own brick patio

    When youve found a suitable spot, make a rough sketch showing trees, shrubs and gardens, then take measurements. Transfer these measurements to graph paper, letting each square equal 1 ft. Lay tracing paper over your plan and sketch in the stone border and bricks. Experiment with different designs, and when you come up with a plan you like, use it to calculate the quantities of materials and help you place the patio stones. Remember that this is a casual, free-form patio. Have fun and let the plan evolve as you work.

    Note: You can download Figure A and enlarge it from the additional information below.

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    How To Lay A Brick Patio

    This article was co-authored by Scott Johnson. Scott Johnson is the Owner and Lead Design Consultant for Concrete Creations, Inc., an award-winning landscape and design company based in the San Diego, California metro area. He has over 30 years of experience in the pool and landscape construction industry and specializes in large estate outdoor environment construction projects. His work has been featured in San Diego Home & Garden Magazine and on Pool Kings TV Show. He earned a BS degree in Construction Management with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern Arizona University.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 90% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 234,969 times.

    Adding a brick patio to your house is a good way to dress up a yard, and it can also add value to your house. Laying a simple sand and brick patio is not as complicated as it sounds. Follow the steps below to create one for your backyard.

    The Character Of The Stone Makes This Patio

    Stone Options:

    Stone varies greatly in color and texture. Visit a number of stone suppliers to see what’s available in your area and to check prices. We chose 3- or 4-in. thick stone intended for building walls, but any relatively flat stone that’s 2 to 4 in. thick will work. Because stone is sold by the ton , a thinner stone like flagstone would have been more economical, but it wasn’t available in the tumbled finish we wanted. If you use thinner stone, don’t tamp it with the compactor. It will crack. The stone dealer will tell you approximately how many square feet a ton of each type of stone covers. Order at least 15 percent extra to allow more selection when you’re looking for just the right shape.

    Clay Pavers:

    Concrete pavers are the most economical choice for paving patios. They are available in many sizes and colors. Traditional clay pavers have truer brick color and cost a bit more. Concrete pavers are available at home centers and landscape retailers, but you’ll probably have to find a brickyard to buy clay pavers. You’ll need about 4-1/2 bricks for every square foot, assuming an average sized 4 x 8-in. brick. It’s difficult to figure the exact amount of brick needed for an irregularly shaped patio like this, so order about 15 percent extra.

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