Laying The Knot Elements:
The had revealed the importance of laying the Knot elements in a particular sequence and the need for repeated fine adjustment of position as more and more elements are added. The three-sided centre stone must be laid first, and aligned so its longest axis matches that of the string guide line.
Each apex of the centre stone acts as a position guide for the placement of the next elements, the curved elements marked as “10” on the supplied laying guide. One end of each curved element aligns with an apex of the centre stone. Note that these curved pieces lead off from the centre stone in an anti-clockwise direction. The knot elements can only be laid in one direction.
Once each element was in position it was tapped down to level using a rubber mallet.
The curved elements were followed by the first of the sable background pieces, the three-sided elements labelled “6” on the supplied plan. These were placed in the niche formed where two of the curved pieces overlap.
Next, the first of the knot end pieces, the larger elements labelled “8” which were placed to enclose the infill pieces laid previously. Some minor adjustment was required at this stage to even out the joints between the various elements laid so far.
The smaller knot end pieces were laid next. These are the final Cotsdale Limestone elements forming the knot. The remaining pieces are all Sable sandstone infill pieces.
How To Build A Patio Circle
This laying method applies to all light traffic patios. ;
The example patio below was built for a free-standing hanging chair, but the same method applies to all, whatever you decide to place on it.
- Dig the hole to about 6 inches or 150mm.
- Lay geo-textile permeable membrane, if you like, although it is not absolutely necessary because the hardcore, mortar and pointing will stop the weeds from coming through.
- Fill the hole with hardcore to 3 inches or 75mm.
- Level off with a rake and long spirit level, or a board with a spirit level on top.
- Tamp down firmly with a wooden board. ;
- The ground is sloping slightly to the bottom of the picture but make sure the circle of hardcore is flat at this stage.
Below is the hardcore compacted. You can use a wacker plate if you like, instead of a board, but compacting an area of this size, or even a two ring patio circle kit is easily done with a board. ;Just spend a bit of time getting it really firm.
- The circle is ready for the mortar now.
- Mix the mortar on a firm board, in a wheel barrow or a cement mixer, using sharp sand and cement at a 4:1 ratio.
- Not too wet, just damp so that it is holding together, but damp enough so that you can tap it down .
- Lay another ring or two, depending on the size of your feature.
- Cover the edges with turf, bark or gravel.
- Let the circle dry for a couple of days…
And there we have it.
This circle isn’t going to move any time soon!
If you know what you’re doing, great! ;
Laying The Patio Stones
For a circular patio, its best to start at the centre and work outwards. That way you know everything will fit neatly, and youll have no glaring gaps in the middle.
Now youll need to spread mortar to a depth of 30-40mm covering the area required for each slab, then place the stone down and tap it level with the rubber mallet. Leave about 15mm between each stone. Use the spirit level and the building line to ensure everything is level, and avoid walking on the slabs for at least 24 hours.
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What Is Pea Gravel
Pea gravel are small stones found near bodies of water and is characterized by their smooth texture. Its name was derived from its size which resembles a green pea, usually inch to inches in diameter. Its colors are usually white, beige, shades of gray, rust, brown, red, blue or translucent.
It is usually used for landscaping or gardening and its common applications are patios, pathways, driveways, playgrounds, paver fillers or as mulch material around plant containers.
A pea gravel patio is a treatment for an outdoor space or paved area adjoined to a house wherein it is mainly covered with pea gravel. There are different ways to create a pea gravel patio. Sometimes it is mixed with other materials such as pavers, bricks, slate or ;flagstone to add an visual appeal. Other landscaping elements such as plants, a garden bed, water feature or even a fire pit may also be added to a gravel patio.
Pea gravel patios are perfect for European homes or Mediterranean inspired landscapes. White pea gravel works well for Classic patios offering a timeless feel. It is appropriate for any landscape style because of its colors.
Two types of gravel pebbles make up this beautiful Japanese rock garden complete with wood walkways leading to a grass island.
Patio Circle For A Pergola
A stone patio circle is an ideal base for a circular pergola, and there are some fabulous circular paving kits available in a range of styles. ;
Top it off with a fantastic circular, hexagonal or square pergola kit to make it a really special place to spend time out in the garden…
…Or, why not build a DIY pergola to fix on top of your paving circle.
Either way, it will look really great!
The patio circle can be used as an outdoor dining area, a place for a statue or water feature, for comfy cushions with loungers, or even – if you’re feeling very decadent – a;hot tub. ;The world’s your oyster!
So first of all we need to build this thing…
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Gravel Patio Fire Pit
If you want to utilize your backyard for a grill-out or to catch warmth during cold seasons then you may add a fire pit to your gravel patio. Usually circular in shape and made up of stones, the fire pit acts as the central feature of the patio.
A fire pit is actually pretty easy to install. It is made by interlocking pieces of stones together to form a round shape. An adequate height is usually 3 to 4 levels or full courses of stones joined by an adhesive or mortar. Then pea gravel is added as topper for the whole ground area surrounding the fire pit.
In this Mediterranean inspired raised gravel patio design, the fire pit is not built-in and is completely movable. The brown pea sized gravel covering the patio floor creates a great contrast against the surrounding grass and the swimming pool.
Planing Paperwork And Materials
We carved our patio into a gradual hill, using the retaining wall to hold back the slope. The main wall is a 30-ft. long arc, 30 in. high. The patio is 11 ft. in diameter. This combination creates a cozy area for a couple to enjoy a cup of coffee or read a book and creates a nice space for flowerbeds and plantings. If you plan to entertain, or want room for the kids to cruise around, you can easily stretch the patios diameter to 16 ft. without complicating the job. Increase the wall diameter accordingly.
Most communities dont require a building permit for patios or for retaining walls under 4 ft. high. They can usually be placed anywhere on your property, which makes them a great alternative to a Planning, paperwork and materials deck in small yards. But keep them out of easements, which are bands of property left open for drainage or for access to buried utilities. Your local building or planning department can tell you, or your survey will show you, if there are any on your property. Review your plans with them to be safe. Also call the local utilities and have them mark their underground lines, even if you dont think there are any in the area. The service is free and it could save you from an injury or from having to dig up your patio later.
Our expenses came to about half what a contractor would charge. The material costs may vary substantially depending on your location and delivery costs.
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How To Build A 3 Piece Semi
This semi-circular wood bench is a great addition to a garden, deck or around a fire-pit.
This project uses cedar, but redwood would work just as well. If you decide to use treated lumber, only make the base assemblies from it and use cedar or redwood for the seat slats. When buying lumber, look for pieces that are straight and have the fewest knots, especially knots that are on the edge of the board. Note that dimensional cedar may be more difficult to find at your local home improvement center or hardware store, so you may need to visit a lumber yard.
In any woodworking project, it’s typically best to cut all parts for as you need them and not all at once. One small error can ruin an entire stack of lumber. This project uses pocket hole joinery in a few instances. If you’re not familiar with it, take a look at the basics in this DIY Network tutorial.
Make Usable Squares From Your Circle
The first step is to gather as much information as possible to make the process of furnishing your circular outdoor space painless.; Head to the garage and find your tools its time to measure your outdoor space.
Read our guide to measuring your outdoor areas to form an understanding of the basics. Youll want to calculate the exact amount of square footage you have to work with so you can purchase dining sets or benches with confidence.;
- When measuring a circular space, you will want to measure the diameter of the patio or deck . Divide the diameter in half to get the radius. The area of your circular space is the radius squared and then multiplied by 3.14 . So, if the diameter of your deck is 20 feet, your radius would be 10 feet. 10 squared is 100, and when you multiply by pi you have a deck with 314 square feet of space.
Design your circular space by keeping the adage less is more in mind. You should always leave plenty of room between outdoor furniture pieces to walk around the patio and venture between areas without difficulty.
What design considerations should you keep in mind when youre working with a circle instead of a traditional square patio? Discover design inspiration for any space below.;
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How To Secure The Seat Braces To The Bench Legs
Attach the braces to your bench legs by using pocket hole screws to secure the seat.
Attach the Apron Pieces to the Legs
Position an end apron flush against two legs and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws. Build two assemblies.
Place a scrap piece of 1-by material underneath the short front apron and positioned flush against two end apron assemblies and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws.
Position the short back apron flush against the end apron assemblies and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws.
How To Secure Your Bench Seat
Use a drill to secure the bench slats for the top of the bench.
Find a large and flat work surface for the final assembly steps.
Position all of the seat slat assemblies with the pocket-hole sides facing up. Place the base assemblies on top the seat assemblies and test fit. The innermost seat slat assembly should be flush with the front edges of the base assemblies and overhanging the outside edges of the side base assemblies by 1-1/2 inches. The outermost seat slat assembly should be flush with the back edges of the base assemblies and overhanging the outside edges of the side base assemblies by 1-1/2 inches.
Attach the base assembly side rails and back rails to the innermost and outermost seat slats using 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws only .
Drill countersunk pilot holes in the front rails and seat braces of the base assemblies positioned as shown in Image 2 . Drive 2-1/2″ deck screws through these pilot holes and into the seat slats.
Position the remaining seat slat assemblies equidistantly apart and attach using 2 1/2″ pocket-hole screws and 2-1/2″ deck screws. You can use a spacer from scrap wood or a paint stirrer to help with positioning the parts .
Turn over the assembly and apply a coat of Olympic Maximum Sealer to the seat slats and touch up the base assemblies if needed.
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How To Drill Pocket Hole In Bench Seat Legs
Set the pocket-hole jig and drill bit for drilling into 1 1/2 inch stock and drill the pocket holes in the front aprons.
Cut the Apron Pieces
The aprons are rails used to connect the legs and support the seat. Use the layouts in Image 1 and Image 2 to create the long and short front aprons. Refer to the cut list above for the exact sizes of the aprons.
To cut the radii on the inside corners of the front aprons, use a half-dollar coin or something of similar size .
For marking the top arc, use a thin strip of wood or a flexible metal ruler. Drive in nails or brads to hold the wood strip or ruler in place while marking . Use a jigsaw to cut the front apron pieces to shape.
Drill pocket holes in the front aprons as marked in Images 1 and 2. Set the pocket-hole jig and drill bit for drilling into 1-1/2-inch stock .
Cut the long and short back apron pieces. Refer to the cut list above for the exact sizes. Drill pocket holes in the long and short back aprons as marked in Image 6.
Cut the end apron pieces to size. Again, refer to the cut list for exact dimensions.
Apply the finish to the aprons and legs prior to assembly. We used Cabot Solid Color Acrylic Siding Stain on the legs, and Cabot Solid Color Acrylic Siding Stain on the aprons. This finish acts as a primer/sealer and top coat in one.
Best Gravel Patio Ideas
Welcome to our gallery featuring the best gravel patio ideas. A gravel patio is an excellent addition to any home not only because of the added beauty it gives, but also because of the multiple purposes it can offer. It can easily transform your backyard into an extension of your living room space, a place to dine and bond with the family, to enjoy a grill out with friends, or a personal sanctuary to enjoy a book or relax after a long tiring day.
The contemporary themed gravel patio in the picture above evokes an inviting and cozy ambiance, perfect for spending the afternoons outside. Make the most of your gravel patio design by furnishing it with woven outdoor furniture, neutral drapes and a white pergola. The accents of blue from the pillows add a calming effect to the overall style of the space
Among the available materials in the market, gravel is one of the most desired ground cover for patios. It is well loved because of the numerous advantages it gives. If looking for a more practical solution and alternative to an expensive stone patio, wooden deck or interlocking bricks pavement, pea gravel is your best option. Design it however you want, either alone or mixed with other types of stone aggregates or incorporated in your landscape setting. ;Since it also offers ease in installation, making your own gravel patio can be one of your next DIY projects.
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How Do You Mark Out A Large Semi Circle
- on May 18, 2017measure the distance between the two points you hope to join with the semi circlehave a piece of wood large enough to create that space. Place a nail in the spot that, when having a string and marker attached will create the circle arc that allows it to span the measured distance.
- William on May 18, 2017AHA! An arch top gate! Several years ago I put up a fence using premade fence panels. But I wanted arched tops. Take a piece of flexible wood board, slat, longer than than the width of the gate. Make a bow out of the board with some string. Center the bow across the top center of the gate. Mark you arch. Tighten or loosen the string to make a steeper or less steep arch. I hope this helps.
Prepare The Site And Place Stones
Prepare the siteUsing shovel, remove 3 in. depth of soil from the entire circle. Tape the level to the narrow side of the 2-by-4; use the board to level the surface.
Fill circle with 2 to 3 in. of sand, rake smooth, then recheck the overall level.
Moisten sand with water, then tamp it firmly. Level again.
Place the stonesStarting at the outer edge, position the large stones to sit slightly above the surrounding soil surface.
Arrange as carefully as possible for fit; place as many large pieces as possible, then fill in with smaller pieces.
Check the level of the patio regularly.
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How To Attach Front And Back Aprons To End Aprons
Position the long back apron and long front apron flush against the end apron assemblies and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws.
Cut the Seat Braces and Assemble
Cut the seat braces, check the cut list for size. Drill pocket holes in the seat braces as shown in Image 1 .
Position a seat brace centered and flush against the top of the short front apron and short back apron and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws .
Note: In this next step, you’ll be creating two assemblies that are mirror images of each other, with the end leg assembly positioned on the outside of the two long front apron assemblies.
Position an end apron flush against two end legs and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws. Build two assemblies.
Place a scrap piece of 1-by material underneath the long front apron and positioned flush against one end apron assembly and one end leg/end apron assembly and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws.
Position the short back apron flush against the end apron assemblies as shown in Image 5, and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws.
On both assemblies, position a seat brace centered and flush against the top of the long front apron and long back apron and attach using glue and 2-1/2″ pocket-hole screws.