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HomeBuildWhat Is A Paver Patio

What Is A Paver Patio

Is It Cheaper To Make Your Own Concrete Pavers

How to Lay a Paver Patio (Like a Pro!)

Pavers cost, on average, US$3 per sqft. So, in order to cover the entire 200sqft patio, you will spend around US$600. That is not counting the price of delivery. Of course, these calculations are very basic, but they summarize the overall correct idea that making your own pavers is usually 50% cheaper than buying.

Which Is Cheaper Concrete Patio Or Pavers

Standard concrete slabs are generally lower in cost per square foot than the alternative. Typically, you will pay 10%-15% more if you choose paving stones over standard concrete slabs. If you decide to upgrade to stamped concrete, paving stones will most likely cost you the same or even less in most cases.

Pavers Arent Good Pool Decking Material

If you have a pool deck or are in the process of installing a new pool, then you know all the pipes and so on that lie underneath the surface. Imagine that a pipe breaks or the skimmer needs to be replaced and your deck is made with a rigid surface like concrete. In this case, you will have to saw-cut the area and then re-pour the concrete in an attempt to match the older concrete. With pavers, repairs are as easy as lifting the pavers, fixing the problem, and replacing the pavers. Another important factor to consider is that pavers are non-skid and non-slip, which is very important around pool decks.

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Paver Patio Problems: Are These Common Issues Legitimate Concerns

Posted On: May 17,2018 By: Art Nafziger, Operations Manager

Are you considering a paver patio but worried about some of the problems with pavers you may have heard? Maybe you heard these allegations from a local concrete company or even someone you know who has had a problem with their own paver patio?

These problems dont seem to happen to everyone, so you might be wondering whether these are legitimate concerns that should stand in your way of the patio you want.

While you know you want a functional space where you can dine outside, share a drink around the fire pit, or even just sit back and relax outdoors after a long day at work, the last thing that you want is to end up with a space that has problems and creates unwanted stress.

Investigating potential paver problems and getting to the bottom of the matter is a smart move. After all, you want to make the best choice when it comes to a patio that will last for many years to come.


Here are some of the common complaints about paver patios and some important facts to consider.

Can You Use Bleach To Remove Mold From A Patio

Types of Common Patio Pavers

The bleach solution is powerful in getting rid of surface stains, algae on the paver patio, mold, and concrete.

Before you begin to use this bleaching solution, you need to make sure that no adjacent grass and plants may get affected by the bleaching solution.

It is important to note that this bleaching solution can cause dizziness if inhaled and irritate your skin. Therefore, it is crucial to put on protective gear.

To use this bleaching solution method, follow this step-by-step guide:


  • Make a mixture of a gallon of warm water and a cup of bleach.
  • Put this mixture or solution into a clean spray bottle.
  • Spray the mixture directly on the mold.
  • Leave it to stay there for about 15 minutes.
  • Use a rigid bristle broom or deck brush to scrub the mold in a backward and forth motion thoroughly.
  • Rinse the solution or mixture and remove dirt debris using a garden hose.
  • Using a clean, dry towel or cloth, dry out any remaining water.
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    Brick Paver Driveway Cost

    The average cost to install brick driveway pavers is $10 to $30 per square foot, with most homeowners spending $5,700 to $17,200 depending on the size. A cobblestone paver driveway costs more but lasts the longest, while interlocking pavers provide the best solid surface.

    A driveway for heavy vehicles costs more, because the base must include 6 12 of aggregate compared to the pedestrian 4 6.

    Does A Deck Or Paver Patio Add More Value

    A paver patio typically adds more value than a in the long run. Some people might disagree with this because are very popular and are known to add more visual appeal. However, there is no comparison when we look at the durability and maintenance of each one. Paver patios are more durable, they do not have to be stained or sealed nearly as often, and the materials used are typically higher quality.

    Paver patios can last for decades without showing much wear if properly designed and built by a professional contractor. Paver patios add value because they will continue to look great and add beauty to the home.


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    Reduces Cost Of Digging And Hauling

    The average patio and walkway installation costs around $3,500. I dont know about you, but I like to save money when building a patio. If youre not paying a company to dig, extract, and haul out huge rocks, youre saving money.

    Any project you choose to take on yourself is going to cost less than hiring a professional. Its just essential to know what youre doing so that you get the final product youre aiming for.;

    What Is Paver Base

    How to Install a Paver Patio like a Pro

    Paver base is a gravel aggregate that has rough edges and feels coarse. Its usually made of a variety of rocks, including granite and limestone. The base of what its made out of will vary depending on where you live.;

    The rocks that are crushed up to make paver base range from tiny specks, like dust, to ¾ inches long. A few nicknames for paver base are Class 5, roadbed gravel, crusher rock, and ¾ minus gravel.;


    Due to the intense compaction of materials, this creates a firm base for your design idea. Pavers arent necessarily needed, but they can make the walkway or patio youre working on much more durable.;

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    Top Brands Of Concrete Pavers

    Because of their heavy weight, concrete pavers are generally not shipped long distances. Rather than being manufactured and distributed by national brands, concrete pavers are molded and sold by local concrete companies. To find sources, check online for local concrete fabricators and landscape supply outlets.

    Types Of Sand Used For Pavers

    Most people are familiar with the idea that stone pavers must be laid on top of a layer of sand. Ideally, this sand should be coarse and granular. When compacted, the edges will grind together, locking the layer of sand in place which helps to prevent erosion or movement. Concrete sand works very well, however, mason sand is sometimes used instead.

    Neither of these types of sand, however, is the best fit for filling in paver joints. A loose-fill sand will wash away over time or when it is exposed to heavy rains. Because of this, polymeric sand for paver joints was developed to hold its form and to keep everything in place.


    In recent years, a newer type of sand for paver joints has been developed which softens upon becoming wet. Although its said that this allows for more flexibility, this can also cause problems with erosion and may require frequent reapplication of the sand.

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    Use Both Sand And Crushed Stone

    As detailed above, the best paver base is a quarry processed crushed stone subbase and a washed concrete sand base. Crushed stones stability paired with sands spreadability makes a manageable, long-lasting base duo.

    For best results, use a dense grade stone aggregate and concrete sand that complies with American Society for Testing and Materials standards.;ASTM C33;and;CSA A23.1;is the recommended sand quality, but;ASTM C-144;and;CSA 179;graded masons sand is also acceptable. Talk to your supplier to make sure your materials align with these standards.


    To calculate the amount of sand or crushed stone you should purchase, the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute recommends the following guidelines;for every 100 square-foot area:

    • Four inches thick: two tons of material
    • Six inches thick: three tons of material
    • Eight inches thick: four tons of material
    • Twelve inches thick: six tons of material

    Your material providers should be able to assist you with your quantity calculations to ensure you dont run out during base construction.

    Con: Paver Patios Take Longer To Install Than Concrete Patios

    Modern Paver Patio Ideas

    Because of the process, an average sized paver patio typically takes an experienced crew 3-5 days to install from start to finish. Concrete patios can be poured in a matter of hours, but they take 1 to 3 days to cure. Once a paver patio is installed, you can walk on it immediately.

    The Process to Install Pavers is more in-depth than other types of patios. In most cases, small equipment will make the process easier and less back breaking. Heres a rundown on how to do it:

  • Remove the dirt/grass from the installation area: Its important to install the patio on a level surface, so either you or an experienced landscape company dig down to the proper depth .
  • Level the subsoil in the area: Level the newly exposed dirt. Its always a good idea to compact the subsoil to prevent settling later. For extra strength, a geotextile stabilization fabric can be used to line the dugout area.
  • Pour the gravel and level the area: Use a steel hand tamper or vibrating compactor to level the area after adding the gravel to the full patio area. Some areas may need to have a deeper base depending on soil type and use of the pavement in Connecticut for instance, we need about 8 of compacted gravel for a patio base in average soils.
  • Install bedding sand: Lay down an even 1 of sand to set the pavers on. This sand works with the pavers to give the pavers some interlock from being compacted into the setting bed.
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    Which Is Cheaper A Patio Or Deck

    In short, patios are usually cheaper than decks.

    For instance, since a patio is placed directly on the ground, youll want to choose a space that is level. Patios may not be the best choice for uneven ground because the cost to create a level foundation can double or triple the cost of the actual addition.

    How Much Should A Patio Slope Away From House

      Are you building a patio and dont want water to pool on it or back up against your house? Worried it will seep down against the foundation and into the house? The correct patio slope will help keep water from sitting on it or backing against your house.

      Patios within 10 feet of a foundation must have a 1/4 per foot or 2% fall away from the building. The 2% fall or slope is required for hardscape surfaces such as pavers, wood, concrete, gravel, or other materials. The slope will move water off the surface and away from the foundation.

      In this article, well take a look at how sloping a patio helps with drainage, how much the fall should be, and code requirements. Well explain how to calculate the slope, and how to fix the grade of an existing patio. By the end of the article, youll have a better understanding of how much slope is needed, and how to fix an existing surface.

      Quick Navigation

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      How To Measure Slope For A Patio

      Unlike stairs which are measured from their lowest point to highest, the slope of patios is measured from the highest point, commonly nearest a building, to its lowest. So, instead of using the rise over the run, we use the fall over the run. The size of the patio determines which is the easiest way to measure the slope.

      Measure the distance out from the building to where the patio ends. Convert that distance from feet to inches and divide by 48. For example, a 16 run is 192-inches which has a 4 fall . The resulting value is the overall required fall of the surface from one side to the other to achieve a fall to run ratio of 4:198 which reduces to 1:48, or a 2% slope .

      Using a 4-foot builders level and tape measure to identify the slope is helpful and accurate in short distances. A short 6 level or a 2-foot level is often used when laying pavers and bricks which fall 1/4 per foot, and a long, flat board with a 4 or 8-foot level is useful for checking larger concrete surfaces. However, patios may need to slope in more than one direction, which means a string line and string-level is helpful.

      Level The Ground For Your Paver Stones

      How to bid a Paver Patio

      Take the four stakes and hit them into the ground 12 outside of your patio area using the rubber mallet. Hammer them in until they are at least a foot into the earth. They should be nice and tight and not move if you pull at them.

      Once theyre secure, measure each stake from the ground up to 4. Mark this. This will be your level line and also the top of your compacted base layer.

      Reminder- due my patio being boxed in on all four sides, my photos show the stakes placed inside the patio area.

      Make sure when you put the stakes into the ground, that they are at least a foot down. They should be nice and tight and not move if you pull at them.

      Measure from the ground, up the stake to 4 and mark this. This will be your level line and also the top of your compacted base layer.

      Take the nylon string and wrap it around the mark you made. How you tie the string is important, so take a moment and read this article that explains how to do this so that you ;get the proper tension.

      Keep the string as one continuous string and repeat this for all four stakes, using the tying method linked above. When you return to the first stake, tie it off and cut the string from the spool.

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      Make The Subbase Accurate And Even

      Your subbase thickness will depend on the type of subgrade soil youre covering and the way your pavers will be used. Because its weaker, clay soil requires a thicker subbase than granular soil. It is standard to use;a four-inch crushed stone subbase;over granular soil and a six-inch subbase over clay soil. These thicknesses work well for everyday pedestrian traffic.

      If your pavers are located around a pool or will receive vehicle traffic, your subbase should be;six to eight inches thick. Extra thickness beyond six to eight inches may help reinforce pavers that will support extremely heavy vehicles like semi-trailers or campers.

      To protect your pavers from unevenness, double your subbase thickness in areas that might freeze during the winter. The extra distance between the subgrade soil and the actual pavers will help mitigate any movement due to the ground freezing and thawing.

      Lay And Compact The Base Layer Of Soil

      Even though it sounds like it might be a good idea, you cant just lay pavers on dirt or sand. Doing so will allow the pavers to move and not allow for proper drainage. Its also likely that one side of each paver will sink and your patio will be really wonky.

      To begin, check if the soil is compacted. If it isnt, which is likely, use the tamper tool to tamp down the soil. You can lightly mist the soil to help with this.;

      Once your soil is compact, spread only half of the base layer on top, as youll do this in two layers.

      If you pile on all 4 at once, its unlikely youll be able to compact it properly. Its best to lay half of the gravel and compact it first, then to add the second layer and then compact that.

      Use the hoe to push and pull the base layer back and forth. If you find that as you get toward the top of the base layer that your gravel is too large, use the bow rake to pull the larger pieces out.;

      Just lightly rake over the top. This will pull the large pieces into a pile which you can scoop up and toss to the side.

      Once you have this layer evened out, use the tamper tool to compact it. To help with the tamping, you can spray a little bit of water on the top of each of the two layers. I used a hose with a sprayer head, on a mist setting.

      Its important that the entire base layer is well compacted. If its not compacted tightly, the soil will shift and so will your pavers.

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      Pro: Durability To Last

      Do not let the cost intimidate you. Your paver patio will pay for itself in the long run. In the northeast, we experience all types of weather conditions. From harsh winters with snow and ice to rainy spring months, you will want a patio that can withstand Mother Nature any time of the year. As individual units, pavers allow the ground room to grow and breathe as opposed to concrete patios which can crack. As a result, these will eventually need to be filled in and resealed. The interlocking design we mentioned offers increased stability and strength. Additionally, your home value will skyrocket with a new, eye appealing outdoor living space.;

      Types Of Paver Base Materials

      Concrete and Paver patio installation in Olympia and ...

      Your base will determine whether your pavers remain smooth and level or grow uneven with time. Qualities of a suitable base material include:

      • Allowance of proper water drainage
      • The durability to support the weight and force the pavers will endure
      • The appropriate thickness for your subgrade material

      Contractors and DIY homeowners use a variety of materials underneath pavers. Here are some things to know about the most common paver bases and their properties.

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