Building A Porch Roof
Building a porch roof or screened in porch roof over an existing deck or patio can be fairly straight forward or very complex depending on the type of roof you choose.We show you how two different roofs are constructed so you will know what is involved.Most porch roofs are typically shed roofs or variations of hip roofs.The biggest challenge is determining the rise and run and cutting a “bird’s mouth” at the outer end of the rafters that rests on the header.
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Are Roof Decks Worth It
Most homeowners will agree that a roof deck is worth the price. Not only will it protect you from the elements when youre outside, but it will also improve your homes curb appeal and resale value if youre looking to sell it in the future. Contact your local roofing contractor to see what they can do to help.
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Covered Pergola Patio Roof Ideas
A pergola is a non-traditional style roof in that its open and provides filtered shade than protection from the elements. This freestanding structure is supported by posts or columns and the roof is made up of evenly spaced slatted beams.
Plan your pergola carefully; these structures can look large and imposing. You dont want your new patio roof to look out of proportion with the rest of your home. For a traditional look, you can build yours out of wood. For a more modern solution, use vinyl as your building material. It will be resistant to decay and require less maintenance.
Dont be afraid to mix materials. You could create the columns out of elegant stonework. Then use wood for the upper framework of your pergola.
Your completed roof will provide plenty of shade, but if you want a bit more, then let a vine plant grow on your new roof. This will create a filtered light effect and blend in perfectly with a country or traditional home.
Building Over An Existing Slab
If you are building an overhead to cover an existing patio, you must first determine if local codes allow setting it directly on the slab and, if so, is the concrete thick enough to support the weight. Otherwise, you will have to create original footings for the overhead. If you need help with this project, get free bids from local patio roof construction pros.
In many areas, an overhead on a concrete slab is allowable if the slab is at least 3 1/2 inches thick and each post can support combined live and dead loads of up to 750 pounds .
To secure an overhead to an already-existing slab, you must place each post in a post anchor. Standard anchors work with rough and surfaced 4-by-4, 4-by-6, and 6-by-6 posts; any other size anchor will have to be specially ordered.
Browse Materials for This Project on Amazon Masonry Drill Bits
To install a masonry anchor, use a drill with a masonry-bit attachment to make a hole large enough for a 1/2-inch expanding anchor bolt. After inserting the bolt, secure the post anchor by adding a washer and nut and tightening with a wrench. Cut the end of the post square, sit it in the base, pre-drill holes in the post, and then nail the anchor to the post.
Another way to fasten the post anchor is by securing a short piece of threaded rod in a hole with epoxy cement. Start by drilling a hole slightly larger than the threaded rod.
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Installing The Ledger Board
First I removed the 1/4 plywood dressing right below the drip edge and saw a very solid framing 2×4 underneath, perfect for attaching the ledger board, which attaches the cover to the roof frame. The local building code required a 2×6 ledger board, which meant I had to saw off two inches of wood from the top of the bay windows box. Next, I pre-drilled 1/8 holes, 6 inches apart, in the ledger board, because it was treated lumber and the deck screws would need a little help getting started. After attaching the ledger board with 4 decking screws, I used a large staple gun to staple the phone, internet, and cable lines to it, on the inside toward the house, to better protect them from the weather.
Post hole position and completed post hole
How Do I Attach Rafters To Ledger Board
Attach 2×6 rafters to the house with joist hangers and/or supported by the ledger board . If necessary, use a sliding bevel to determine angles needed where the rafters will meet the ledger board . Rafters are placed on 24 centers, and attached to the beams and settle joists are attached as needed .
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Should I Put A Roof Over My Deck
A roof over a deck is a great option for people who want to use their deck rain or shine. Or, for those who live in very sunny and hot areas, it makes outdoor living more bearable by providing permanent shade.
While a roof over a deck may not be ideal for all geographies or homes, having a covered space on the exterior of your house is practical for a variety of reasons:
- Potentially requires digging new footings for roof
How To Build Roof Over Deck
A deck can transform your house, add extra living space outside, and boost the overall value of your home. The downside is that a deck isnt a permanent living space it is weather-dependent. Recently Ive seen some neighbors try to solve this problem with a roof. Ive considered it myself, but I wasnt sure exactly how to build a roof over a deck.
To build a roof over a deck, you need to connect the new roof framing to the existing home. The easiest way is to use posts and beam construction with rafters connecting the beam to the home. Other ways involve removing a portion of the existing roof, adding trusses, and other framing options.
In this article well cover all your options when it comes to adding a roof to your deck. While a deck roof entirely depends on how your current deck sits with your house, well also give a general overview of DIY deck room construction.
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What Should You Consider When Building Your Own Deck Cover
The first thing youve got to think about is how the deck roof is going to sit alongside your existing home. If your deck has a gap between it and your house, this might not be a problem as you can simply build a stand-alone deck cover. However, many decks are right next to the back of your house, which raises a few issues.
Joining a home-made roof to your existing roof might require a level of expertise that you dont really have. In this scenario, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to get the job done for you.
It will probably only be a couple of days work and might not cost as much as you think.
One alternative option that you can do yourself is to have a slightly higher roof on your deck, so that its above your main roof slightly, and overhangs.
That way any rainwater can roll off of your deck roof an onto your house roof, feeding into your main guttering system. Thats one of the main issues with building your own roof cover, where is the rain water going to go? If you have a roof at the same height, it will have to join somehow or else therell be a gap between the two constructions for water to come down onto your decking.
Some people also like the feel of having a higher deck roof, so this could be an option you might want to look at.
When you start building your roof over the deck, try and get some material that compliments the decking. You might want to use the same wood, or something else. Treat it with the same products to give it a similar finish.
Patio Roof Lighting Ideas
Creating layers of light is the key to creating a lighting scheme for your outdoor space. Strive to have an ambient, accent, and task lighting fixture. Ambient lighting is the generalized light that illuminates the entire space. You can do this by installing overhead lighting. Pendants, chandeliers, ceiling fan lights, and semi-flush/flush-mounted lights. These fixtures will give you a gentle wash of light over your entire patio.
Accent lighting is more decorative and will highlight specific aspects of your patio. This type of lighting is created by installing track lighting, scones, rope lights, string lights, or LEDs. You could use a track light in the ceiling pointed to your outdoor fireplace or you could have lights that point toward your stairs to make them safer at night.
The third type of lighting is task lighting. This is the light youll use in areas where tasks get performed. If your patio roof covers an outdoor kitchen, grill, or bar, youll want to focus this type of light there. The light should remove shadows and make it easier to see what youre doing. Try pendant lighting to focus the light where you need it most.
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Do You Know Your Local Codes And Permit Requirements
Know and comply with your local building codes regarding roof construction in your area. In addition, pull the proper permits as required. Many people, especially DIYers, do not like to get permits due to time and costs.However, doing so ensures that your work is to code in order to protect you, your family, and your property. In addition, many insurance companies may not pay claims in situations where work was not to code. Words to the wise.
Where Should You Build Your Patio Cover
While the answer to this question seems obvious , there are shade and functional considerations that need to be taken into account.; Most patios are typically off the back door but that location may not provide an adequate shaded area.; Covered patios are ideal for outdoor living areas, dining areas, built in fireplaces or outdoor kitchens. It is best to consult with a design professional to determine where the maximum amount of shade and functionality can be achieved in your backyard with your new patio cover.
One other major factor in location of any new structure is city building codes and Home Owners Associations restrictions.; All cities have certain guidelines pertaining to where an attached or detached structure can be built.; In addition to the City requirements, HOAs will have a set of guidelines pertaining to design, finish material and height restrictions among other things.; Once again, it is best to consult a design professional that is familiar with your citys requirements and HOA guidelines.
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What To Consider When Adding A Roof To A Deck Or Patio
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The best way to cover a deck or patio is by building a permanent roof over it thats attached to your home. While it may be more expensive than a temporary cover or awning, a roof will last longer and add value to your home.
Before attempting to construct a roof over your deck or patio, consult a professional builder to make sure the design will meet local building codes and is strong enough to stand up to high winds.
Watch this video to find out more.
How To Build A Patio Cover With A Corrugated Metal Roof
Learn the basics of building a patio cover with a corrugated metal roof.;
One of the simplest and most affordable ways to add some shade and cover to your outdoor space.
One of the most basic and cost effective ways to create a great shady covered area for your patio space is a patio cover made with a corrugated metal roof.
The corrugated metal is inexpensive to purchase, lightweight to install, and provides a sturdy way to keep both the rain and hot sun off your patio.
The corrugations naturally channel the water downward along the slope of the roof either into a gutter or into the landscaping, much in the same way a sloped patio channels water away from your foundation.
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To Create A Room Without Walls
Lay The Sleepers And Predrill For Concrete Screws
The sleepers dont have to be level; they can follow the slope of your patio. But they do need to form a flat plane. If your patio is in good shape, youll get a flat plane automatically. If your patio has ridges and sunken areas, youll spend lots of time fussing with shims.
To preview the situation, lay a straight board across the patio in a few spots. Look for the highest hump in the patio and fasten your first sleeper there. Then work outward from the high spot, adding sleepers and checking for flatness along each sleeper and across them. Add shims to raise low spots.
Drill through sleepers, spacers and into the concrete with a hammer drill, then drive in concrete screws. Overhang the sleepers along one edge of the patio and trim them to exact length later.
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Roof Decks Are Ideal For Enjoying Cool Evenings But Adding One Wont Be A Breeze
Private roof decks, the envy of the neighborhood when the weather is nice, are a trendy accessory in newly built townhouses in town-center-style communities in the suburbs. Adding a roof deck to an existing home is a bit trickier. It might be tempting to just slide open a tall window and shimmy out onto a flat roof, but to be safe and to have a truly functional roof deck, youll need to spend time and money.
Most roofs werent designed to have people walk on them, much less put furniture on them and entertain up there, said Ethan Landis, co-owner of Landis Architects/Builders in the District. Adding a roof deck is like creating a great outdoor room, which is especially nice if theres no good backyard. But you have to evaluate the condition of the existing roof first.
Hiring a designer with experience adding roof decks to other homes in your neighborhood can make the project easier and result in a deck thats not only attractive but also structurally sound and compliant with zoning and fire codes.
Each roof deck project is one of a kind, Landis said. They all have logistical challenges, and many of the ones weve built are on homes in a historical neighborhood, which means they need to be invisible from the street.
Other issues include skylights, chimneys and air conditioners that might need to be moved or built around.
The trick to adding a roof deck to your home
Convert Your Lattice Patio Cover To A Solid Roof Deck
;·Converting a lattice patio cover to a solid patio cover can be a very cost-effective way to enhance your outdoor experience, extend your living space, and add appeal to your backyard. If youâre not ready to take this project on yourself, give GreatWay Roofing a call for a free estimate at 805.523.2550.
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How To Build A Roof Over An Existing Deck: Step By Step
In this guide, well go over how to build a deck roof over your deck. This step-by-step overview will cover the installation of a slanted deck roof. Gable and hip roofs will vary, particularly in how you connect their framing to your existing roof, but the construction of posts and beams will be similar to the slanted roof.