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How To Build A Pergola Over A Patio

Build A Patio Pergola Attached To The House To Extend Your Living Space To The Yard A Diy Pergola Creates A Room Outside For Entertaining And Gathering

See how we built our patio pergola to help define the perfect gathering space for our family. We partnered with the Home Depot to turn our long side patio into a oasis on a budget.

A pergola attached to the house was the perfect solution to create an outdoor dining and kitchen area. Today’s post shares the DIY pergola build.

This post may contain affiliate links. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

We wanted to share our patio pergola project in September. We bought the wood, made the plans, then the rains came! Oh my goodness, it rained and it rained and it rained! I don’t ever remember that much rain in September.

The first month of fall is usually so nice. Not too hot, but still almost like summer. I think because I really wanted to build a big project outside, this year it decided to rain instead.

We managed to sneak in an evening of building and installed all the posts before it was too dark, but then when we had another day to build, it was raining again.

I am pretty sure our neighbors thought we were crazy. All we had were three half-painted posts coming out of our patio for weeks.

Thankfully, the first day of October, the rain stopped. It was cold, but I would much rather build in the cold than the heat so we got to work.

With the help of my father-in-law, we were able to get almost the entire 20? x 11? patio pergola built in 6 hours of work. Then another day of finishing up and painting and the DIY pergola is done!

How To Build A Pergola On An Existing Deck That Will Stay Strong And Beautiful For Years

A pergola is a great addition to an existing deck, but you’ll need to keep a few things in mind so that your pergola stays safe and sturdy.

When I first put in my deck, I couldn’t help but feel like it was missing something. I wasn’t sure what it was at first, but one sunny Saturday morning, as I was trying to enjoy the outdoors but getting sunburned, it occurred to me: I needed a covering. I decided that the best way to manage this would be to build a pergola over my deck. Turns out, it was actually easier than I thought it would be.

If you’re wondering how to build a pergola on an existing deck, we’ve got some tips. It’s a fairly straightforward process, but your focus should be on stability and security, and you can get that with the right materials. As deck hardware has become more advanced, it’s getting much easier to build on top of existing structures without having to reframe everything. Stronger post bases and more versatile wood ties allow you to essentially clamp two structures together and turn them into one. Here are our picks for the hardware you should be focusing on.

How to Build a Pergola on an Existing Deck: Choose Great Hardware

Tips for Making Your Deck Pergola Safe and Sturdy

Diy Pergola Cover Ideas: 7 Ways To Protect Your Patio From Sun And Rain

Wanda Simone

In the summer, I love to grill and entertain outdoors. But since I live in an area that often gets lots of sun and afternoon rainstorms, my outdoor cookouts are either really hot or getting rained out. To fix that issue, I went on a hunt for ways I could cover the patio around my outdoor kitchen and came up with these DIY pergola cover ideas – some that just provide lots of shade, and some that are waterproof.

Back in the spring, I did a deck and patio makeover that included sprucing up my outdoor kitchen area.

Now that it’s looking good, I’ve been doing a lot more grilling out there.

And while I love my new updated cooking space, there’s one thing missing. And that’s a cover for the pergola that goes over my outdoor kitchen area.

While the pergola provides some shade, it isn’t very helpful during the day when the sun is directly overhead And it doesn’t provide any protection at all when it’s raining.

Not that I expect to be standing out there all day in the rain. But here in South Carolina, we tend to get a lot of 15 minute rain storms in the afternoon. Which always seem to occur right after I have put the food on the grill.

So I would love to be able to stay out there and not get soaked.

Which is why I’ve been searching for DIY pergola cover ideas to provide some extra shade and rain protection for my little grilling area patio.

Essential Diy Pergola Finishing Touches Installing The Bottle Opener

The final step to the perfect pergola, and one often overlooked by the novice, is to install a durable, good-looking bottle opener on one of the posts, preferably at a height and location that doesn’t require leaving one’s chair to use. After that, it’s just a matter of moving the patio furniture and grill under the freshly-screwed joists , and kicking back in your home-made shade with a fat, juicy burger and an ice-cold beer.

+ Surprisingly Cheap And Easy Diy Pergola Ideas With Full Tutorial

Amazing Designs of Pergola on Deck — Patio Design ...

It’s always a great idea to build a patio in your backyard. This paved area which is particularly built in a backyard is meant to provide extra enjoyment in your house.

Yeap, having a patio will make your outdoor living space looks and feels more exhilarating to enjoy. You can do lots of things joyfully on this spot like reading some books, having a chitchat, or just enjoy the summer breeze.

For sure, a patio also enhances the overall look of every house, creating a new focal point for the exterior layout. Therefore, having a beautiful patio is a must to get an attractive look for your outdoor space.

Adding a cover to a patio is always a good choice to make it look more attractive. It will give the patio a huge change to influence its design.

Furthermore, a patio cover also makes your time feel more enjoyable since it provides some great benefits. You will not have to worry about the direct sunlight, unwanted ‘dropping’ or some drizzle when you spend some good times on your patio.

There are lots of cover options that you can choose to shade a patio. From shade to pergola are available to choose to suit your needs.

Of course, a pergola is still the most favorite cover chosen by many homeowners to style up their patio. It is so understandable since this kind of cover doesn’t only cover the patio very well, but also bring its style to a whole new level.

Measure Your Soffits To Determine The Diy Pergola Column Centers

If pergola designs include building close to the house, first measure the projection of your eaves. Keep the center of the posts nearest the house at least 7 in. farther from the house than this measurement to accurately position the column centers near but not too close to the house. Drive remote stakes an equal distance from the house, attaching a string to help mark and align the outer post locations.

To keep the posts in alignment, stake your post locations using remote stakes with a string. With the stakes driven beyond the work area, you’ll be able to undo the string while you dig and then reattach it later to check for alignment. To check for left-to-right placement parallel to the house, just measure the distance from one of the remote stakes and write this measurement on a notepad. To make sure the layout is square, adjust the diagonal measurements of the postholes so they’re equal.

What Is A Good Way To Anchor/secure A Pergola To A Paver Patio


So I just laid a large-ish patio with pavers and now we’re wanting to build a 12’x12′ pergola on the main area.

I know ideally I should have planned the pergola before hand and set the posts first or at least left a few of the pavers out, but alas foresight wasn’t one of my strengths here.

So, the question now is how do we anchor the pergola to the patio? We don’t want to anchor to the house…so it’s just a freestanding, 4 post structure we’re going for.

I’ve read about using steel rods drilled into the pavers/ground as a way to anchor, but wasn’t sure if there were any better/easier ways of going about it.

Additional bits of info is that pavers are 3 inches thick plus 1″ of sand and 4″ of 3/4″ crushed mountain granite below those pavers and then just good ‘ole dirt below that.

So, any advice/tips on this would be great.

Pergola Ideas That Will Add Style And Shade To Your Backyard

You don’t need to travel far for a relaxing outdoor retreat.

Creating an outdoor space that’s cool and comfortable can be a bit of a challenge—especially if there aren’t any trees to block out the hot summer sun. Thankfully, it’s easy to install a pergola that provides shade and style. We found free plans for building your own pergola, as well as fun decorating ideas for existing patio and porch covers. Just be sure to look into whether or not you’ll need a permit for your project before you get started, and consider hiring a professional for tough builds.

No wonder the National Association of Landscape Professionals listed pergolas as one of 2019’s top trends. Usually made of wood or composite material, as in this California space designed by Emily Henderson, the structures not only lend sophisticated style to an al fresco sanctuary, but they’re also available with additional features including roll-down windows, space heaters, and lighting and sound systems.

Edison bulbs and potted plants look beautiful hanging from this pergola made of cedar wood, which is “naturally resistant to rot, decay, and insect attacks.”

Diy Pergolas With Free Plans That You Can Make This Weekend

May 23, 2018 By Vanessa Beaty

Something that I have always wanted is a pergola. There is just something so gracious and relaxing about having a pergola in the yard. Now that I have the space in my backyard, I have been thinking seriously about adding one, and I thought that I would want to build it myself. So, that made me start looking for DIY pergola plans and I found so many! I put together a list of 20 DIY pergolas with free plans that you can build in a weekend or less.

I can’t wait to get started on mine – as soon as I figure out which one I want to build. There are so many in this list and all of them look really easy. You can do some of them from reclaimed or repurposed wood, too so that makes them really cheap. I did price a pergola a few years ago with a builder and it was going to cost me over $1,000 to have one built. I can think of much better things to do with all of that money, especially since a DIY pergola will only cost a fraction of that. And I thought that a pergola would go beautifully with one of these10 DIY Zen gardens that I posted about earlier.

Planning Out A Pergola With Linx Simplified Pergola System

Lay out the parts for the top • 4 wood posts and 4 TriFits, laid out in a square shape. Place flattened TriFit boxes between Linx parts and the ground to protect all surfaces. Measure parallel posts to ensure equal lengths. Trim with saw as necessary.

Create 2 ‘C’ Shape Ends: Selecting 2 parallel posts, slide the TriFits on both ends of each post. Do not use screw fasteners yet.

Create large ‘U’ Shape: Insert remaining 2 loose posts into each side of the ‘C’ end. Do not use screw fasteners yet.

Attach the C-shaped end to the complete square. Raise posts off ground and slide LINX TriFits onto post. Do not use screw fasteners yet.

Method 1 Of 2:installing Different Types Of Patio Covers

  • 1Purchase a patio umbrella for a cheap premade option that is easy to set up. This is the most basic and economic option to cover your patio. Get a patio umbrella that fits on your patio and is mobile so you can adjust it to block the sun as it moves, or shelter against light rain.XResearch source
  • An advantage of patio umbrellas is that you can include them as part of an outdoor furniture set to complete your patio decor.
  • 2Use some poles and a tarp or canvas to create an affordable outdoor canopy. Cover your patio with a tarp attached to 4 poles if it is located away from your home. Use only 2 poles and a tarp attached to the wall of your home .XResearch source
  • Get a tarp or canvas that already has grommets in the corners to easily tie it to the poles. Use a sturdy cord to tie everything together.
  • You can use ropes and stakes, or buckets weighed down with sand or water, to secure the canopy in place. Stakes anchor the ropes that support the canopy’s poles in place, or buckets act as weights to hold the rope and poles in place.
  • 3Buy a sail shade and tie it above your patio with the provided accessories. Look for secure points you can tie the sail shade to such as posts, trees, or secure parts of your home. Install wooden or steel posts at the corners of your patio if there are not enough existing points to tie the sail shade to.XResearch source
  • If you do attach the sail shade to trees, this should be for temporary use only so you don’t damage the trees.
  • Choosing The Right Location And Pergola Plans & Designs

    Because this DIY pergola project is made to stand independent of the house, you can either locate it right near your house as we did or let it stand alone in the garden. You can also consider using wood chips or gravel as a floor or even pour a concrete slab underneath. By keeping it unattached , you don’t have to deal with moving existing gutters or matching eaves. You also don’t have to mess with frost footings . However, if you have clay soil, it’s best to dig to frost depth for your footings to prevent frost heave.

    Our existing patio was built over a sand and compacted gravel base, so we removed only the stones necessary to dig the 12-in. diameter holes to secure the posts. You’ll most likely have a different situation. Build a pergola over an existing patio saves you a lot of time, money and work.

    If you’ll be adding a patio later, be sure to pour all the footings at the finished patio height as part of your pergola designs. Keep in mind any slope you’ll include in the patio. Most patios slope about 1/8 in. per foot to drain.

    How To Build A Pergola On A Concrete Patio In Two Days

    How to Build a Pergola Over a Concrete Patio

    More About frazeeg »

    Building a pergola is a quick way to add a touch of class to your outdoor space, and it’s certainly something a homeowner can tackle by him or herself, and can even finish in a couple of days if sufficiently motivated. Additionally, for those who aren’t very experienced in building things with wood, this is a good starter project to develop skills that will readily transfer to other projects.

    I’ll note right away that I was able to build this pergola in two days; however, I’ve done this sort of thing a few times now, and I have a lot of power tools that make the job easier. If your skills aren’t high and/or you have a limited tool set, it will take longer. Don’t despair though – this still makes a great fair-weather weekend project that can be built over a couple weeks.

    In the steps that follow, I link to videos I made for the build. The links go directly to the timestamp in the video pertaining to that particular step, so don’t think I’m just spamming the same video over and over ? You can also watch the in-depth videos in this playlist. My intent for this Instructable, with the videos to complement, is to be the most comprehensive tutorial online for building a pergola.

    Also, check these links if you are looking for premade pergola plans or a custom pergola for your own yard.

    How To Build Your Pergola The Simple Steps To Success

    Over the years, we ended up creating quite a few more pergolas for friends, neighbors and family. Below, we share the simple secrets and tips we have learned over the years to create a beautiful structure that lasts. All of course, with keeping an eye on the budget!

    Here is a look below at our biggest keys to success, step by step:

    #1 Choosing The Right Lumber

    Building a strong, attractive pergola all starts with choosing the right lumber. One thing we have learned is that 4? x 4? posts are simply not strong enough to hold up over time. Nor is wood that is 1? inch thick or less for the top of the structure.

    We use only 6? x 6? treated posts, and 2x treated lumber for building our pergolas. Although there are thinner and less costly options, the thickness of 2x lumber gives the piece massive long-term strength and durability.

    As for what type of wood to use, we have found treated lumber to be the most economical and durable choice. By far! Cedar is an option, but the cost of cedar is astronomical. And in many cases, cedar will still warp and twist.

    Treated lumber has come a long way in the past few years. It’s also extremely versatile. It can be left to weather to a natural grey patina, or painted or stained to match existing colors. And it builds one beautiful, strong and affordable pergola!

    What Does It Cost To Build Your Own Pergola

    Step 5: Mark The Posts For Cutting And Trim To Length

    The length of the posts is determined based on the offsets measured in the previous step. Begin by marking each post “A” through “D”, and then measure from the bottom of the post the offset length you previously recorded for each. Use a square to transfer this line across the width of the post.

    Next, start with the longest measured offset – let’s say 10″ for instance. The posts are 8 feet long, so the “leftover” length is = 7′-2″. Measure the “leftover” 7′-2″ from the offset marks you previously made on each post, and mark these at the top ends. Use a square to transfer this mark all around the posts so that you have a cut line wrapping around the post.

    Using a circular saw, cut along this line on each post, then flip the posts to cut the opposite face from the first cut. Use a reciprocating saw to finish the cut, assuming that your circular saw doesn’t cut all the way through with the first two passes.

    Step 6: Mark Top Tenons Cut Tenons And Chamfer Edges

    The tops of the posts need to be cut into a tenon to hold the secondary beams. To do so, measure down from the newly-cut top of the posts to the depth of the secondary beams, in this case 7-1/4″ for the 2×8 boards. Make a mark and square it across the width of the post with a speed square. Transfer this mark all around the post.

    Next, measure in from one face to the thickness of the secondary beam, 1-1/2″ for these. Mark this for the full depth of the beam, which I did with a combination square, but which you can easily do by making two marks and connecting them with a straight edge. Do this for both opposing faces of the post to establish the cut lines for the tenon.

    Using the circular saw, set it to cut the depth of the secondary beam , and make a cross-cut to establish the shoulder of the tenon. Roll the post and make the same cut on the opposite face.

    Reset the circular saw to its maximum cut depth and roll the post 90 degrees to begin cutting the cheeks of the tenon. You want to stop when the saw blade meets the shoulder cut that you previously established. Don’t over-run the shoulder cut, or your joint will look quite bad. Make the other cheek cut on the same side of the post, then roll it to cut the cheeks on the opposite face. Finally, finish the cut with the reciprocating saw.

    How Much Does Home Depot Charge To Install A Pergola

    Googling this question comes back with statements like these. For a basic 10-by-10 pergola, expect to pay up to $500 for labor. For high-end pergola installations, it can be anywhere from $750 to $1,000. I have my doubts. It should be less, I would think. But then again … charges $499.99 for installation, so HD maybe offering a comparable charge. We included a link for Home Depot Pergola Installation in your specific area. Call them! These prices mentioned above may include permits and measurement fees.

    Step 4: Measure The Post Offsets Due To Patio Slope

    If your patio is anything like mine, it slopes away from your house for drainage. This presents the obvious problem that the posts can’t be all the same length, otherwise the top of the pergola won’t be level. To mitigate this, the post offsets must be measured from a reference point and all measured and cut accordingly.

    The sill of my patio door proved to be a convenient reference point. In order to measure off these, I put together a couple scraps of wood to extend the reference line out to the same line as the post bases. Then I clamped this extension to the door sill to hold it in place and tied one end of a string line to it. On the opposite end of the line of post bases, I drove in a wooden stake and tied the string line to it. You’ll want to make sure that the string line is very tight and is also level. This string line is now at the exact same elevation as the door sill.

    When you’re satisfied with the string line, measure the distance between the string and the bottom of the post base, and record this number. Do the same with the next post base in line, then repeat these steps for the other side of the pergola. You should have four measurements written down that correlate to each corner of the pergola. It will be convenient to name these “A” through “D” to keep things straight or some other naming scheme that suits your taste.

    In my case, since I had to contend with the second story overhang, I also measured this height with respect to the door sill.

    How To Build A Patio Pergola Attached To The House


  • It took us 1 1/2 gallons to paint 2 coats on the patio pergola.
  • Installing the Posts

    We knew we were going to adding a pergola to our patio before we had the concrete poured. To give our pergola footings a strong grip, the concrete guys dug out where the posts were going to be so the concrete was deeper in those areas.

    Then when we installed the post bases, the bolts used to hold them wouldn’t be longer than the cement was deep for a nice strong hold. This step is not necessary, but if you can, it doesn’t hurt.

    To install the post bases, we drilled a 1/2? hole in the concrete with a 6? masonry bit. The hole was about 4 1/2? deep.

    Then we placed the base over the top and using a hammer, tapped in the wedge anchor. And we tightened it down with a wrench. Now we were ready for posts.

    I thought it would be easier to paint all the boards for the pergola before we built it, then I could just add the final coat once it was built.

    Well, because of the rain, I only managed to get a few boards painted. So you will notice some boards are white, but most are not. No worries, we remedied that when the sun finally decided to shine again.

    We attached the 4×4 posts to the post base. Then cut 2×4 boards to flank either side of the posts. These are for a bit more stabilization and to support the weight of the 2×8 beams to make installing them easier.

    Attaching the Header to the House

    Now, getting the siding back on may prove to be a challenge too. I’ll be sure to share that too.

    • 16.0K

    Is It Cheaper To Diy Or Build A Pergola From A Kit

    I answer this question by comparing cost estimates for homemade and premade pergolas, basically a from-scratch DIY vs. a purchased kit.

    For comparison, I considered this highly reviewed, inexpensive 10×10 Pergola Kit from Home Depot, made from cedar . It retails for $1,144.44 + $92.84 = $1,236.84 .

    Now let’s create a material spec for a similar size and design DIY cedar pergola that you could have built yourself from a free plan.

    Note: Please realize, this is a bulk estimate, as lumber prices fluctuate depending on location and availability. Though I tried to get the boards’ lengths as close as possible to those in the kit, some boards may not be available at the time of construction or at certain zip codes.

    We will need the following materials.



  • 12 louvers 2x2x8 –Premium S4S Cedar Lumber – 12 x $10.98 = $131.76
  • Hardware:

  • 4 post anchors –Set of 4 Bolt-Down Brackets$92.84
  • bolts – 48 x $1 = $48 at least
  • nuts –$10
  • Stain:

  • 1 gal –Waterproofing Exterior Wood Stain and Sealer –$37.98
  • Your Total cost:$1,183.78

    We got close, with the DIY pergola even costing $40 more than a kit. So is it really worth it to build it from scratch? Not in my opinion. Of course, you could build one with pine for cheaper. But it’s not going to be the same. Plus you need to spend time cutting all of the components to size, possibly making those cool-looking rafter tails, and shopping for lumber.

    Easy Diy Free Standing Hurricane Resistant Pergola

    Build Pergola Raised Deck

    If you live in an area where hurricanes occur, you definitely want to take a look at this DIY free standing pergola. It is resistant to hurricane winds! Even those of us that don’t live where hurricanes happen could use this one. It’s really sturdy and so easy to build. You can use whatever type of wood that you like, although it will need to be pressure treated to withstand the weather.

    Plans: ronhazelton

    Diy Pergola With Lattice Border From Ryobi Nation

    This one is actually a pergola with the built-in swing, but its design is totally inspiring to try. It has the lattice borders on its sides which will enhance the comfort when you enjoy some easy times on your patio.

    It also has such a small floating table to provide great convenience in storing some outdoor stuff around.

    Step 7: Plumb The Posts And Attach To Post Bases

    Now to start making the pergola take shape!

    We’re going to start by raising and plumbing the posts. At one of the corners, place a post in the post base, but laying down on the ground. Pound in a wooden stake about 6 feet away from the post base next to the laid-down post, and another one 90 degrees around the post so that you can brace from both sides. Take two of the spare 2x4s, and attach each at each of these stakes with a single nail for now, and lay them down also.

    Stand the post up and grab one of the braces you previously laid down, and bring the brace around into contact with the post. Using the 4-foot level, plumb the face of the post aligned with the brace. Once satisfied with the plumb-ness of the post, use a nail to tack the brace in place.

    Grab the other brace, and repeat the steps above to plumb the post from the other direction. Double check that the post is still plumb in both directions, then go ahead and drive another couple nails into the brace at either end.

    Now, take your drill with a drill bit slightly smaller than the HeadLOK screw, and pre-drill holes to match those in the post base. Drive in the HeadLOK screws into these holes. For these particular post bases, there are four holes total, with two on each side. At this point, your post should be secure top and bottom and shouldn’t move when casually jostled.

    Weathered Pergola With Rocky Base By Anna White

    Having an earthy-themed pergola is always a good choice to make it blend well with the outdoor space surroundings. It’s designed in unfinished style with the rocky base which beautifully flows with this backyard’s look.

    The pergola is huge enough to shade a 7-Piece patio dining set supported by the trees around.

    If You Are Installing On Top Of A Wood Deck Not

    Anchoring A Pergola To A Deck. A pergola’s structural integrity rests on its posts and how well they are. Mounting pergolas to deck surfaces. We’ve got a brand new paver patio that i put together and now we’re wanting to build a pergola to put over part of it. Building a pergola is a wonderful way to add value to your home and your life.

    Head into the wind or current.

    The name, in fact, comes from the latin pergula, meaning projection, as they a pergola provides open space to accompany an outdoor fireplace, while still providing cover.

    For Pictures, You can find many ideas on the topic and many more on the internet, but in the post of Anchoring A Pergola To A Deck we have tried to select the best visual idea about Pictures You also can look for more ideas on Pictures category apart from the topic Anchoring A Pergola To A Deck.

    This post published on . Read Retractable Pergola Awning Picture or find other post and pictures about Pictures.


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