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How To Build Pergola Roof

The This Old House Design

How To Build A Pergola Roof – DIY At Bunnings

If you have a garage door that you want to ornament with the pergola, This Old House has you covered. They use pressure-treated lumber and milled brackets to construct an attractive canopy over a garage door. Many people, they say, disregard garage door entrances, but with a little know how you can add some architectural splendor to this typically generic entryway point.

The Workbench Magazine provides the means to assemble a pergola awning. This is a different style option, obviously, with the structure hanging over a back patio door rather than standing on support poles. An ornamental and attractive accouterment you can add to your home, it may be less practical and functional than other options weve seen.

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What Is The Best Roof For A Pergola

The best roof for a pergola does depend, to a large extent, on individual style and budget, but also how much shelter you need for your space.

An attachable canvas awning is versatile and generally one of the more affordable choices. With some pergola designs, you can pick from a variety of hues to suit your garden color schemes. And, theyre ideal for controlling the level of shade, especially if they can be pulled open and closed. They tend to offer less shelter during heavy rainfall though, and its best to take them down over the winter months for storage.

Corrugated plastic or metal can be added to an existing pergola structure for a low price and are both very durable. Theyre great for keeping your space dry , however attaching them directly onto the beams overhead means they wont be adjustable. Firstly, this can make the space below heat up quickly. Secondly, in the case of metal sheets, it means that the area will almost constantly be in shadow. With plastic, the sunlight will still shine through, but youll be protected from harmful UV rays.

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How To Cover A Louvered Roof Pergola

A Pergola with a louvre roof, or sometimes called a slatted roof pergola, can look great, however, with a with a bit of British Weather can limit your pergolas roof massively! Best to make sure your pergola is usable in rain, hail or shine with a full waterproof roof to get maximum usability at all times of year!

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How To Build An Angled Pergola

28 April, 2010

Pergolas add a decorative element to any outdoor space. In addition to decoration, pergolas can provide several functions, providing shade, defining a space, and providing a structure for vines and vertical growing plants. Grapes and ivy, for example, grow well on pergolas. The foliage also provides extra shade. A standard pergola has no angles, but some outdoor spaces might work better with an angled pergola. A salt box-style house is one example of a place an angled pergola would look best.

Cut the top ends off two of the 4-by-4-by-96-inch posts at a 14-degree angle, using a miter saw. These are the front corner posts of the angled pergola. Cut the top ends off two of the 4-by-4-by-72-inch posts at a 14-degree angle, using a miter saw. These are the back corner posts. Measure up 36 inches from the bottom of the front and back corner posts. Mark this measurement with a pencil.

  • Pergolas add a decorative element to any outdoor space.
  • Cut the top ends off two of the 4-by-4-by-72-inch posts at a 14-degree angle, using a miter saw.
  • Measure in at 12 inches and 30 inches from both ends of the remaining four 4-by-4-by-96-inch posts, using the measuring tape.
  • Cut a dado on the center of the pencil marks on each of the posts.
  • Position the four 4-by-4-by-72-inch posts parallel to each other with the dado cut facing up.


Wear eye protection when working with wood.

Follow tool safety precautions carefully.

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Add Value And Appearance

DIY Pergola Roof in 2020

As mentioned earlier, the roof of your pergola can have a large effect on the curb appeal of the project. Whether your design incorporates a shed, gable, or hip rafters, the goal is to build a functional, strong structure you can be proud of. Taking your time, doing your research, and working safely are key to the quality and functionality of your new pergola.

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Easy 12 By 24 Foot Pergola

If you really want something grand for the backyard, this 12 by 24 foot pergola is it. This is one of the easiest ones to DIY and it is absolutely gorgeous when it is finished. Its a great way to use up some of those 2X4s that you may have left over from other projects, too. There are so many great DIY projects you can make from 2X4s and this is just one of them.

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In A Hurry Heres Our Top Picks Of Pergola Roofs And Stains

  • This gazebo was originally sold at Target.
  • This is a REPLACEMENT CANOPY for the Madaga Gazebo. This canopy is made of RipLock fabric.
  • Color: Beige .
  • A translucent oil finish that protects and beautifies woods natural appearance
  • Water repellent deep penetrating
  • Ideal for decks, siding, fences and trim
  • Available in 5 wood toned colors
  • Not intended for interior surfaces

If you just add a roof to a deck not designed to support one, you are going to be placing your relatives and guests in danger.

You can create a good roof, even including a ceiling fan or light fixture. When its got a good roof made from tiles, metal or polycarbonate, for instance, its inclined to be treated as a verandah or carport.

At length, theres a retractable fabric roof produced by ShadeFX.

Aluminum patio covers will simply outlast any other sort of cover on the market nowadays.

If youre planning to put in a patio as a portion of your general project, you are going to want to allow added moment. For the normal Phoenix backyard, you may almost anticipate a covered shade patio.

Its possible to build any pergola you want from an extremely wide variety of distinct materials including recycled and found objects.

Usually, a free-standing pergola would be constructed on concrete piers, sunk under the frost line.

A pergola is essentially a garden structure that is much similar to the arbor. Pergola is made from wood and is essentially a wooden log frame that is installed on four sturdy wooden pillars.

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Alignment With The Surrounding Architecture:

Ensure that your pergolas height aligns with your existing landscape and architecture. For example, suppose youre planning to place your pergola attached to the house. In that case, the roofline and window dimensions will determine your pergolas size since you wouldnt want the beams of the pergola blocking your view from the window.

Attach The Horizontal Closure Strips

How to Build a Pergola Attached to Your House | Mitre 10 Easy As DIY

The first step is to attach the horizontal closure strips to the top of the pergola.

For this, youll need wood screws. They work best if they have washers on them to prevent them from pulling right through the plastic closure strips.

Line the end of one of the horizontal closure strips up with the edge of your pergola. Make sure that it is running straight along the beam.

Screw it onto the beam in the low sections of the closure strip.

When you get to the end of the first strip, attach the next strip and continue screwing it on to the beam until you get to the end of your pergola frame.

Once the first row is complete, cut off any extra closure strip with tin snips.

Then move on to the next row. Ideally, it should be 2 feet over from the first strip, but it can be up to 3 feet away.

The important thing is to make sure that youve got the hills and valleys lined up straight across from each other. Otherwise, youll have trouble getting the corrugated roofing to lay flat like its supposed to.

Continue adding horizontal closure strips until you get all the way across the top of your pergola.

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How Do You Make A Curved Support Beam

Curved beams come in many shapes and sizes, and each one of them requires its own unique set of specifications.

One of the most difficult task of the engineers is to make a curved beam that will work in a variety of different situations, but not all curved beams can be made from steel or other common materials.

Here is what needs to be done in order to make a beam that canwithstand the same type of stress as a non-curved one, but still be useful in anumber of similar situations. First, the curve must be an attractive one.

The surface that the metal beam will touch on will be the part that gets the most wear and tear. The surface that the beam will be pressing against is where the majority of the wear and tear take place.

If the curve of the support is a lot sharper than it needs to be, the curves will be much more noticeable and the support itself will likely wear out before the beam does.

A low-tension beam is the best example of a beam that will not be as visually appealing and will not be affected by wear and tear.

A curved steel beam may appear to be a good idea, but the actual curve will be too steep. Using a flat steel beam will be very simple, but it will not offer the functionality that a curved steel beam will.

Another thing that needs to be taken into consideration is the heat that a steel beam can withstand.

Metal beams that are curved are a great help in a number of applications. The curved beam can also be designed to better fit a number of different spaces.

The Backyard Shade Plan

You can use these step-by-step instructions provided by to build a backyard wood pergola. This one has 4 x 4 pressure-treated posts and evenly-spaced stringers perpendicular to the beams.

If you want, you can add decorative elements both to the joist beam and the stringers. Youll also need 3 lag bolts to attach the beams to the posts. Better looking than a standard white-vinyl, premade pergola, its an easy, rustic option.

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Add Natural Shade With A Living Pergola Roof

Relaxing with a glass of wine under a cascade of beautiful blooms is one of the most idyllic ways to spend a summer afternoon and a pergola is the easiest way to achieve this dream.

Typically, most pergola roofs are characterized by an open frame and thick beams installed at regular intervals. ‘If you’re after a rustic feel, you can incorporate crawling vines and other plants to fill in the spaces and act as a sunlight shield. However, wood requires maintenance or it will rot or break easily,’ advises Giovanni Scippo, director at 3D Lines Architectural Visualisation .

By growing climbing plants or fast-growing flowering vines up the supports and training them over the pergola roof will not only provide shelter but will also create a pretty finishing touch. If you’re after a year-round living pergola roof be sure to pick one of the best evergreen climbers.

Adding a living roof to your pergola is a particularly great fit for country garden ideas as its naturalistic appearance will help your pergola to fit into the scheme. Pair a living pergola roof with other vertical garden ideas to maximize the planting space in your plot.

The Minimalist Pergola Plan

How to Build a Pergola

This 10 x 10 pergola is a great choice for amateurs. The Beautiful Mess website gives you step by step instruction for everything including what kinds of herb you can use to repel insects and whether or not youll need a builders permit. The builder recommends that you use pre-treated materials if you are not going to paint the pergola so that it could withstand harsh weather.

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Set The Beam Over The Pergola Columns

Next, slip the molded base over the top of the column and then slip the capital on as well. Its best not to fasten these in place until the project is nearly completed. Measure the length of the front and back 2×10 beams , making them 3 in. less than the outside of the column tops, cut them to length and walk it up the ladder.

Note: If you have a column that wont quite straighten up, you can have someone push it straight up and down and then fasten it in place with the steel brackets from above.

What Base/flooring To Use Under My Lean To Pergola

There are three options for flooring options below your pergola, which are decking, outdoor ceramic tiles and slabs.

Slabs are very durable and functional but carry a more rugged and basic look compared to ceramic Tiles. Outdoor ceramic tiles are growing in popularity due to the range of styles ang colours available now so prove popular for Hot Tub Pergolas and dining areas pergolas.

A favourite for all pergolas, whether a patio pergola roof or flat roof pergola, is using decking. Decking is super easy to install especially our Alupave® Aluminium decking which simply locks together and does all the hard work of protecting the sub frame and drainage for you!

In summary, pergolas are not only an affordable additional to your garden but are easy to install and stylise. Simply follow the Top 7 Key Pergola point for cover the main project points!

Have any other questions about how to build a pergola with a polycarbonate or glass roof? Simply Live Chat to our team below!

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Putting Up The Front Frame

For this step, you will need 2 fence posts cut to 211cm, one 3m posts with joint cuts at both ends and 2 struts.

Predrill the ends of the 3m posts, right in the middle of the joint cut as shown in the picture. Now, apply a generous amount of wood glue to the end of the 211cm post. Place the 3m post at the top, making sure the connection is square and secure it with 15cm construction screw.

Next, take the strut and apply wood glue on both sides. Connect the 2 posts and secure the strut with 4 construction screws. Wipe off all the excess glue. Repeat the process on the other side.

What Is The Best Roof To Put On A Pergola


There are many types of roofs to consider for your pergola. Which is best for you depend on both what you use your pergola for and the climate where your home is located.

Whichever material you choose, it should match your existing pergola and the rest of your outdoor space. Given how many options there are, finding an option that suits your space should be easy!

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The Garden Party Backyard Idea

This patio pergola is a backyard option designed to jazz up your outdoor area. Its perfect for recreational use, though My Outdoor Plans cautions that youll need to judiciously place it, otherwise there could be negative landscaping consequences.

It makes sense to do your homework prior to beginning one of these woodworking projects- there are so many different styles available to choose from that many builders often decide to mix-and-match elements from different design plans.

The materials list helpfully includes all of the different items youll need to assemble this particular pergola, including wooden posts, support beams, carriage bolts, shading elements, screws, slats, braces, and footings. They cautioned that if your home is in a particularly windy area, you might need to embed the posts in concrete or even lock down the entire structure with braces.

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Add A Solid Roof For A Classic And Reliable Pergola Roof

The main reason to add a solid roof to a pergola is the garden shade that it brings. Add a table and chairs and your previously exposed pergola can become the perfect spot for al fresco dining, protected from the heat of the sun. Equally, if you add patio furniture ideas, you can create a private space where in which you can relax with a good book and a cocktail.

As well as these lifestyle benefits, pergola roof ideas also offer a practical element. Depending on what materials your pergola is made of, you will periodically have to do some upkeep. This may include re-staining a wood pergola or maintaining paint. With a roof, these tasks do not need to be done quite as often, which means you save both time and money, explains New-York garden designer Thomas Brown.

Outdoor furniture is also very prone to wear and tear from the elements and typically needs to be replaced far more often than indoor furniture. Outdoor flooring types can also be impacted by the weather. Wood , for example, needs to be regularly stained to maintain its aesthetic. With a pergola roof, your outdoor furniture and flooring are mostly protected from those elements and will last much longer as a result. This will save you money in the long run, making your pergola roof a good investment.

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Rafters Purlins Fascia And Brace

  • Cut the rafters to length and angle cut each end to suit. Work out the rafter length to suit the roof sheets if possible . In this example cut the rafters 2280mm long for 2400 roof sheets. Thus ledger 50mm + rafter 2280mm + fascia 20mm + roof overhang 50mm = 2400mm Refer to the plans for reference if necessary.
  • Fix four rows of 100Ã50 nogs on edge in-between the rafters as in the flat plan These are the nogs that the roofing is fixed to.
  • Fix the top row of nogs 100mm down from the top of the rafters and fix the bottom row of nogs 100mm up from the end of the rafters.
  • Fix the other two rows of nogs equal distance apart.
  • Alternatively the purlins can be fixed on top of the rafters if there is enough room between the top of the rafters and the eaves.
  • Fix fascia board along the end of the rafters and also up the sides of the two end rafters .
  • Brace on top of the frame diagonally from corner to corner with metal strap brace. see flat plan.

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